*This is another brief post for my exam studying.*

Like most other kinds of functions, sinusoidal functions can can have transformations applied on their graphs:

f(x) = a sin (k(x-d))+ c

**is the vertical stretch and/or reflection. |a| is the amplitude.**

*a***is the horizontal stretch and/or reflection, and it affects the period of the function. The period is |360÷k|**

*k**is the horizontal translation. It doesn't affect the properties of the function*

**d****is the vertical translation, and it determines what the equation of the axis is: the equation of axis is y=c**

*c*
Also, using a and c, one can find the maximum and minimum points on the graph:

- maximum value= c+ |a|
- minimum value = c- |a|